627. Aggressive Lymphoma (Diffuse Large B-Cell and Other Aggressive B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas)—Results from Retrospective/Observational Studies: Population-Based Outcomes
Conclusion cited from the abstract:
Outcomes for adult BL in this contemporary, large, multicenter RW analysis appear inferior to smaller published series. Interestingly, despite increased adverse prognostic factors, survival rates appeared similar in HIV+ pts. In addition, use of rituximab, achievement of initial CR, and Tx at an academic CC were associated with improved survival. Finally, a novel BL-specific survival model identified pts with markedly divergent outcomes.
Michele Spina, et al.
Conclusion cited from the abstract: Using data from this large prospective observational study on elderly DLBCL patients we were able to build a new prognostic index that allows to identify 3 risk groups with significant differences in terms of 3 years OS. The EPI is the first index that integrates geriatric assessment with clinical features and contributes to improving management and clinical research in elderly patients with DLBCL.
Conclusion cited from the abstract:
The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapsed/refractory disease in patients with DLBCL treated with curative intent is 23% in this population-based study, which is lower than in previously published reports. Overall, 16% of patients were not able to start primary curative intent treatment, representing an older group of patients with a dismal OS. An additional 5% of patients were not able to tolerate more than 1-2 cycles, defining another group of patients with unmet medical needs. The 2-year cumulative incidence of CNS relapse is <10% even in high-risk patients when estimating absolute risk in the real world where patients also face risks of non-CNS relapse and death.
Figure 1 A): Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) among 4205 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) diagnosed in Sweden 2007-2014 treated with curative (n=3528 ) or palliative intent (n=677). B): Cumulative incidence of CNS relapse in the presence of competing risks of death and non-CNS relapse. C): Net probability of CNS relapse by CNS IPI (N=3499). D): Cumulative incidence of CNS relapse restricted to 414 patients with high CNS IPI (4-6).
Matthew J. Maurer, et al.
Conclusion cited from the abstract: TTP to following IC is strongly associated with post-progression survival in DLBCL. We developed a model from the largest frontline clinical trial dataset in DLBCL and validated a simple to apply clinical prognostic tool in the r/r setting. The model allows better understanding of expected outcomes in r/r DLBCL and can aid design and interpretation of trial results in this setting. The model underestimated the actual survival probability when applied to non-trial validation cohorts. Recalibration of the model for transplant eligible patients and development of smartphone based point-of-care application of the model is ongoing.
Laurie H Sehn, et al.
Conclusion cited from the abstract: Using a PET-guided approach to treatment, the majority of patients with limited-stage DLBCL have negative PET scans after 3 cycles of R-CHOP. Patients with negative PET scans have an excellent outcome when treated with 4 cycles of R-CHOP alone, without exposure to radiation. Patients with a positive PET scan who complete treatment with radiation therapy have a slightly less favorable outcome, and may be appropriate for alternative approaches. A detailed analysis of patterns of relapse, as well as efforts to identify clinical factors, PET parameters and biomarkers associated with poor outcome and delayed relapse are ongoing.
Conclusion cited from the abstract: In adult BL, baseline CNSinv and poor PS predicted subsequent CNS recurrence, an outcome that is associated with a dismal prognosis. Furthermore, treatment with DA-EPOCH was associated with a significantly increased risk of CNS recurrence in this real-world analysis. For BL pts with baseline CNSinv treated in routine clinical practice, regimens with highly BBB-penetrant drugs (e.g. CODOX-M/IVAC, hyperCVAD/MA) may be preferred. Studies should delineate ways to mitigate the risk of CNS recurrence with lower-intensity programs.